“2016全球创造业竞赛力指数“

> 本地 > 作者:locoy 2019-08-25 13:37 编辑:周建平
0

  GlobalManufacturingCompetitivenessIndexTostartanewsection,holddowntheappleshiftkeysandclicktoreleasethisobjectandtypethesectiontitleintheboxbelowAboutthisstudyTheGlobalManufacturingCompetitivenessIndex(GMCI)reportisthethirdstudypreparedbytheDeloitteToucheTohmatsuLimited(DTTL)GlobalConsumerIndustrialProductsIndustryGroupandtheCouncilonCompetitiveness,withpriorstudiespublishedinandThismultiyearresearchplatformisdesignedtohelpglobalindustryexecutivesandpolicymakersevaluatedriversthatarekeytocompanyandcountrylevelcompetitivenessaswellasidentifywhichnationsareexpectedtoofferthemostcompetitivemanufacturingenvironmentsthroughtheendofthisdecadeThestudyincludesmorethansurveyresponsesfromseniormanufacturingexecutivesaroundtheworldFormoreinformationconcerningthespecificsofthisstudyanditsparticipants,pleaseconsulttheappendixTostartanewsection,holddowntheappleshiftkeysandclicktoreleasethisobjectandtypethesectiontitleintheboxbelowHighlightsfromtheGlobalManufacturingCompetitivenessIndexTheimpactofanedudataCUEDManufacturingJobsMaypdf,accessedinJanuaryNationalAssociationofManufacturers,TopFactsaboutManufacturing,wwwnamorgNewsroomTopFactsAboutManufacturing,accessedinFebruaryUnitedNationsConferenceonTradeandDevelopment(UNCTAD),Grossdomesticproduct:GDPbytypeofexpenditure,VAbykindofeconomicactivity,total,andshares,annual,,unctadstatunctadorg,accessedinFebruaryDeloitteandCouncilonCompetitiveness,AdvancedTechnologiesInitiative,https:wwwdeloittecomcontentdamDeloittetrDocumentsmanufacturingdeloitteandcounciloncompetitivenessadvancedtechreportpdf,OrganizationforEconomicCooperationandDevelopment(OECD),OECDScience,TechnologyandIndustryOutlook,http:wwwoecdorgscienceoecdsciencetechnologyandindustryoutlookhtm,accessedinFebruaryIbidChrisRhodes,DavidHoughandMatthewWard,“Theaerospaceindustry:statisticsandpolicy”,UKParliamentWebsite,March,wwwparliamentukbriefingpapersSNpdf,accessedinFebruaryChristopherAlessi,“Germanydevelops‘smartfactories’tokeepanedge”,MarketWatch,October,http:wwwmarketwatchcomstorygermanydevelopssmartfactoriestokeepanedge,accessedinFebruaryIbidDeloitteandCouncilonCompetitiveness,AdvancedTechnologiesInitiative,https:wwwdeloittecomcontentdamDeloittetrDocumentsmanufacturingdeloitteandcounciloncompetitivenessadvancedtechreportpdf,JonGold,“ThemostpowerfulsupercomputersonEarth”,NetworkWorld,July,http:wwwnetworkworldcomarticledatacenterthemostpowerfulsupercomputersonearthhtml#slide,accessedinFebruaryIMF,SubduedDemand,DiminishedProspects,WorldEconomicOutlookUpdate,Januaryhttp:wwwimforgexternalpubsftweoupdate,accessedinJanuaryNationalBureauofStatisticsofChina,http:wwwstatsgovcnenglishstatisticaldataAnnualData),accessedonFebruary,“China’sDemandforCarsHasSlowed”,Bloomberg,November,,http:wwwbloombergcomnewsarticleschinasdemandforcarshasslowed),accessedinFebruaryManufacturing,valueadded(ofGDP),WorldBank(http:dataworldbankorgindicatorNVINDMANFZS)Services,etc,valueadded(ofGDP),WorldBank(http:dataworldbankorgindicatorNVSRVTETCZS),accessedonFebruary,EIU,Manufacturinglaborcosts(USdollarsperhour),http:wwweiucom,accessedinFebruary“ThisChineseCompanyMovedProductiontoSouthCarolinatoSaveMoney”,WallStreetJournal,February,,http:blogswsjcomeconomicsthischinesecompanymovedproductiontosouthcarolinatosavemoney,accessedinFebruary“Atighteninggrip”,TheEconomist,March,,http:wwweconomistcomnewsbriefingrisingchinesewageswillonlystrengthenasiasholdmanufacturingtighteninggrip,accessedinFebruaryAgecompositionanddependencyratioofpopulation,NationalBureauofStatisticsofChina(http:wwwstatsgovcnenglishstatisticaldataAnnualData),accessedonFebruary,EIU,ShareofYoungerPopulation(years)inTotalPopulation,ShareofOlderPopulation(years)inTotalPopulation,http:wwweiucom,accessedinFebruaryOECD,Dataset:Graduatesbyfieldofeducation,TertiarytypeAandadvancedresearchprogrammes(Fieldofeducation–Science,Engineering,manufacturingandconstruction),http:statsoecdorg,accessedinJuly“ChineseFamiliesCanNowHaveTwoChildren,ButCanTheyAffordThem”,BloombergBusiness,October,http:wwwbloombergcomnewsarticleschinascrappingonechildruletoolittletoolateforgrowth,accessedinFebruaryEIU,Manufacturinglaborcostsperhour,http:wwweiucom,accessedinJanuaryIndiaBrandEquityFoundation,ManufacturingSectorinIndia,http:wwwibeforgindustrymanufacturingsectorindiaaspx,accessedinFebruaryUNCTAD,ManufacturingexportsMerchandise–Tradematrixbyproductgroups,exportsinthousandsofdollars,annual,,http:unctadstatunctadorgwdsTableViewertableViewaspxReportId=,accessedinJanuaryPeterCoy,“FourReasonsMexicoIsBecomingaGlobalManufacturingPower”,BloombergBusiness,June,,http:wwwbloombergcombwarticlesfourreasonsmexicoisbecomingaglobalmanufacturingpower,accessedinFebruaryTamarJacoby,“WhyGermanyIsSoMuchBetteratTrainingItsWorkers”,TheAtlantic,October,http:wwwtheatlanticcombusinessarchivewhygermanyissomuchbetterattrainingitsworkers,accessedinFebruaryOECD,Dataset:Graduatesbyfieldofeducation,TertiarytypeAandadvancedresearchprogrammes(Fieldofeducation–Science,Engineering,manufacturingandconstruction),http:statsoecdorg,accessedinJulyEuropeanCommission,AutumnEconomicForecast:Moderaterecoverydespitechallenges,November,,http:europaeurapidpressreleaseIPenhtm,accessedinFebruaryIbidDeloitte,GlobalSurveyofRDTaxIncentives,March,Page,http:wwwdeloittecomcontentdamDeloitteglobalDocumentsTaxdttltaxglobalrdsurveyaugpdf,accessedinFebruaryYeXie,“Goldman’sBRICEraEndsasFundFoldsAfterYearsofLosses”,BloombergBusiness,November,http:wwwbloombergcomnewsarticlesgoldmansbriceraendsasfundclosesafteryearsoflosses,accessedinFebruaryEconomicPlanningUnit,PrimeMinister’sDepartment,EnergisingManufacturingSector,http:rmkepugovmypdfstrategypaperStrategyPaperpdf,accessedinFebruaryTostartanewsection,holddowntheappleshiftkeysandclicktoreleasethisobjectandtypethesectiontitleintheboxbelowIndiaBrandEquityFoundation,ManufacturingSectorinIndia,http:wwwibeforgindustrymanufacturingsectorindiaaspx,accessedinFebruaryUNCTAD,ManufacturingexportsMerchandise–Tradematrixbyproductgroups,exportsinthousandsofdollars,annual,,http:unctadstatunctadorgwdsTableViewertableViewaspxReportId=,accessedinJanuaryIbidThailandBoardofInvestmentNorthAmerica,CompetitiveWorkforce,http:wwwthinkasiainvestthailandcomwebenwhythailandphpid=,accessedinFebruaryEIU,Manufacturinglaborcostsperhour,http:wwweiucom,accessedinJanuaryDeloitte,CorporateTaxRate,August,https:wwwdeloittecomcontentdamDeloitteglobalDocumentsTaxdttltaxcorporatetaxratespdf,accessedinFebruaryEIU,Manufacturinglaborcostsperhour,http:wwweiucom,accessedinJanuaryIbidEIU,Productivityoflabourinmanufacturing(valueaddedperworker,USdollars),http:wwweiucom,accessedinJanuaryIbidHKTDCResearch,Vietnam,anAlternativeProductionBase:Update,February,http:economistspickresearchhktdccombusinessnewsarticleResearchArticlesVietnamanAlternativeProductionBaseUpdaterpenXXAChtm,accessedinFebruaryTamarJacoby,“WhyGermanyIsSoMuchBetteratTrainingItsWorkers”,TheAtlantic,October,http:wwwtheatlanticcombusinessarchivewhygermanyissomuchbetterattrainingitsworkers,accessedinFebruaryIbidNatalieObikoPearson,“RobotInvasionUndercutsModi’sQuesttoPutIndianstoWork”,BloombergBusiness,August,http:wwwbloombergcomnewsarticlesindiarobotinvasionundercutsmodisquesttoputpoortowork,accessedinFebruaryUnitedNationsDevelopmentProgramme,HumanDevelopmentReports,Meanyearsofschooling(ofadults)(years),http:hdrundporgencontentmeanyearsschoolingadultsyears,accessedinJanuaryDeloitteandManufacturingInstitute,TheskillsgapinUSManufacturingandbeyond,(http:wwwdeloittecomcontentdamDeloitteusDocumentsmanufacturinguspipthemanufacturinginstituteanddeloitteskillsgapinmanufacturingstudypdf),accessedinFebruaryManpowerGroup,TalentShortageSurvey,http:wwwmanpowergroupcomwpswcmconnectfbaccbecdcaaTalentShortageSurveylorespdfMOD=AJPERESContentCache=NONE,accessedinFebruaryInternationalLaborOrganisation,Laborproductivity,KeyIndicatorsoftheLaborMarketKILM,http:wwwiloorgglobalstatisticsanddatabasesresearchanddatabaseskilmWCMSlangenindexhtm),accessedinJanuary,IbidIbidIbidWorldEconomicForum(WEF),TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport–,http:wwwweforumorgdocsgcrGlobalCompetitivenessReportpdf,accessedinJanuaryWorldBankGroup,InvestingAcrossBorders,http:iabworldbankorgdataexploretopicsstartingaforeignbusiness,accessedinJanuaryDeloitteandCouncilonCompetitiveness,AdvancedTechnologiesInitiative,https:wwwdeloittecomcontentdamDeloittetrDocumentsmanufacturingdeloitteandcounciloncompetitivenessadvancedtechreportpdf,TheAspenInstitute,TheManufacturingResurgence:WhatitcouldmeanfortheUSEconomy,AForecastfor,Marchhttps:wwwaspeninstituteorgsitesdefaultfilescontentdocspubsManufacturingResurgencepdf,accessedinFebruaryThomasJDuesterbergandDonaldANorman,“WhyiscapitalinvestmentconsistentlyweakinthestcenturyUSeconomy”,ASPENInstituteandMAPIFoundation,April,http:wwwaspeninstituteorgsitesdefaultfilescontentuploadCapitalInvestmentpdf,accessedinFebruaryCenterforWorldUniversityRankings,Universitiesintop,globallist,November,http:cwurorg,accessedinJanuaryLuisServen,InfrastructureandGrowth,WorldBank,June,http:econworldbankorgWBSITEEXTERNALEXTDECEXTRESEARCH,,contentMDK:~pagePK:~piPK:~theSitePK:~isCURL:Y,html,accessedinFebruaryWorldBank,Logisticsperformanceindex:Qualityoftradeandtransportrelatedinfrastructure(=lowto=high),WorldDevelopmentIndicators,http:dataworldbankorgindicatorLPLPIINFRXQ,accessedonJuly,Internetusers(perpeople),WorldDevelopmentIndicators,http:dataworldbankorgindicatorITNETUSERP,accessedonOctober,UNCTAD,ManufacturingexportsMerchandise–Tradematrixbyproductgroups,exportsinthousandsofdollars,annual,,http:unctadstatunctadorgwdsTableViewertableViewaspxReportId=,accessedinJanuaryIbidRossDeVolandPerryWongetal,“JobsforAmerica:Investmentsandpoliciesforeconomicgrowthandcompetitiveness”,MilkenInstitute,January,http:wwwmilkeninstituteorgpublicationsview,accessedinDecemberDeloitteandCouncilonCompetitiveness,AdvancedTechnologiesInitiative,https:wwwdeloittecomcontentdamDeloittetrDocumentsmanufacturingdeloitteandcounciloncompetitivenessadvancedtechreportpdf,WorldIntellectualPropertyOrganization,PatentCooperationTreatyYearlyReview,,http:wwwwipointedocspubdocsenwipopubpdf,accessedinDecemberDeloitteandCouncilonCompetitiveness,AdvancedTechnologiesInitiative,https:wwwdeloittecomcontentdamDeloittetrDocumentsmanufacturingdeloitteandcounciloncompetitivenessadvancedtechreportpdf,GlobalManufacturingCompetitivenessIndexTostartanewsection,holddowntheappleshiftkeysandclicktoreleasethisobjectandtypethesectiontitleintheboxbelowIbidUSDepartmentofEnergy,BreakthroughsbyAmerica’sNationalLabs,,http:scienceenergygov~mediapdfnewsinfocusBreakthroughs,accessedinFebruaryOECD,RDTaxincentiveindicators,DirectgovernmentfundingofbusinessRDandtaxincentivesforRD,,asapercentageofGDP,http:wwwoecdorgstirdtaxincentiveindicatorshtm#design,accessedinFebruaryBloomberg,TheBloombergInnovationIndex,http:wwwbloombergcomgraphicsinnovativecountries,accessedinFebruaryAriPhillips,“GermanyJustGotPercentOfItsElectricityFromRenewableSources”,ClimateProgress,July,,http:thinkprogressorgclimategermanysetsnewrenewableenergyrecord,accessedinFebruaryMichioWatanabe,“RoboticsrivalryingearasJapanaimstoleadfourthindustrialrevolution”,JapanTimes,October,,http:wwwjapantimescojpnewsbusinesstechroboticsrivalrygearjapanaimsleadfourthindustrialrevolution#VrCXUbqXcJ,accessedinFebruaryDeloitteandCouncilonCompetitiveness,AdvancedTechnologiesInitiative,https:wwwdeloittecomcontentdamDeloittetrDocumentsmanufacturingdeloitteandcounciloncompetitivenessadvancedtechreportpdf,GrantSmith,“USSeenasBiggestOilProducerAfterOvertakingSaudi”,BloombergBusiness,July,,http:wwwbloombergcomnewsarticlesusseenasbiggestoilproducerafterovertakingsaudi),accessedinFebruaryAriPhillips,“GermanyJustGotPercentOfItsElectricityFromRenewableSources”,ClimateProgress,July,,http:thinkprogressorgclimategermanysetsnewrenewableenergyrecord,accessedinFebruaryIbidIbidWorldNuclearAssociation,NuclearPowerinJapan,December,http:wwwworldnuclearorginfoCountryProfilesCountriesGNJapan,accessedinFebruaryCateyHill,“industriespoisedtoprofitfromlowoilprices”,MarketWatch,February,http:wwwmarketwatchcomstoryindustriespoisedtoprofitfromlowoilprices,accessedinDecemberRahulOberoi,“OilingtheWheels”,BusinessToday,February,http:wwwbusinesstodayinmoneytodaystocksfallingoilpriceswillbringawindfallforindiaincstoryhtml,accessedinFebruaryTheEconomist,Who’safraidofcheapoil,January,http:wwweconomistcomnewsleaderslowenergypricesoughtbeshotarmeconomythinkagainwhosafraidcheap,accessedinJanuaryTheWorldBank,Fertilityrate,total(birthsperwoman),http:dataworldbankorgindicatorSPDYNTFRTIN,accessedinFebruaryUnitedNations,WorldUrbanizationProspects,Revision,http:esaunorgunpdwuphighlightswuphighlightspdf,accessedinFebruaryCommonwealthFund,USHealthSystemRanksLastAmongElevenCountriesonMeasuresofAccess,Equity,Quality,Efficiency,andHealthyLives,June,http:wwwcommonwealthfundorgpublicationspressreleasesjunushealthsystemrankslast,accessedinFebruaryWorldBank,WorldwideGovernanceIndicators,http:infoworldbankorggovernancewgiindexaspx#reports,accessedinMarchXieTingting,“China,onitswaytoinnovation”,TheStateCouncil,ThePeople’sRepublicofChina,May,http:englishgovcnpoliciespolicywatchcontenthtm,accessedinDecember“Premieremphasizesinnovationinscienceandtechnology”,TheStateCouncil,ThePeople’sRepublicofChina,August,http:englishgovcnpremiernewscontenthtm),accessedinFebruaryBloomberg,ChineseFamiliesCanNowHaveTwoChildren,ButCanTheyAffordThem,October,,http:wwwbloombergcomnewsarticleschinascrappingonechildruletoolittletoolateforgrowth,accessedinFebruaryTheWhiteHouse,PresidentObamaLaunchesAdvancedManufacturingPartnershipSteeringCommittee“”,September,,https:wwwwhitehousegovthepressofficepresidentobamalaunchesadvancedmanufacturingpartnershipsteeringcom,accessedinFebruaryReuters,TransPacificPartnershiptradedealsigned,butyearsofnegotiationsstilltocome,February,http:wwwreuterscomarticleustradetppidUSKCNVDS,accessedinFebruaryTostartanewsection,holddowntheappleshiftkeysandclicktoreleasethisobjectandtypethesectiontitleintheboxbelowTostartanewsection,holddowntheappleshiftkeysandclicktoreleasethisobjectandtypethesectiontitleintheboxbelowAcknowledgementsAcknowledgementsTheauthorswouldalsoliketoacknowledgetheguidanceandcontinuedsupportofthefollowingpeople:TrinaHuelsman(ViceChairmanandIndustrialProductsServicesSectorLeader,DeloitteUnitedStates,DeloitteToucheLLP),RobertLibbey(Manager,DeloitteUnitedStates,DeloitteServicesLP),HerbWilliamsDalgart(SeniorManager,DeloitteUnitedStates,DeloitteServicesLP),RenéStranghoner(SectorMarketingLeader,IndustrialProductsServicesSector,DeloitteUnitedStates,DeloitteServicesLP),KristenTatro(MarketingManager,DeloitteGlobal,DeloitteToucheTohmatsuLimited),andWhitneyGarcia(CampaignManager,DeloitteUnitedStates,DeloitteServicesLP)AuthorsCraigAGiffiViceChairmanandAutomotiveIndustryLeader,DeloitteUnitedStates(DeloitteLLP)MichelleDrewRodriguezManufacturingLeaderoftheCenterforIndustryInsights,DeloitteUnitedStates(DeloitteServicesLP)BharathGangula,PhDResearchLeadinAutomotiveandManufacturingsectorswithintheCenterforIndustryInsights,DeloitteUnitedStates(DeloitteServicesLP)SpecialadvisorDeborahLWinceSmithPresidentandCEOoftheUSCouncilonCompetitivenessSheandtheCouncilonCompetitivenessteamprovidedsignificantguidanceinshapingtheoverallinitiativeAledaVRoth,PhDBurlingtonIndustriesDistinguishedProfessorinSupplyChainManagementatCollegeofEngineeringandScience,ClemsonUniversityTimHanleyGlobalLeader,ConsumerIndustrialProductsDeloitteToucheTohmatsuLimited(DeloitteGlobal)ContributorsTheauthorswouldliketoacknowledgethecontributionofthefollowingpeople:?RyanRobinson,PIPResearchLead,CenterforIndustryInsights,DeloitteCanada?GinaPingitore,Director,CenterforIndustryInsights,DeloitteUnitedStates?MimiLee,Director,GlobalConsumerIndustrialProducts,DeloitteToucheTohmatsuLimited?SrinivasaReddyTummalapalli,AssistantManager,CenterforIndustryInsights,DeloitteUnitedStatesIndia?AnkitMittal,Analyst,CenterforIndustryInsights,DeloitteUnitedStatesIndia?SandeepanMondal,SeniorAnalyst,CenterforIndustryInsights,DeloitteUnitedStatesIndiaTostartanewsection,holddowntheappleshiftkeysandclicktoreleasethisobjectandtypethesectiontitleintheboxbelowTomCaptainGlobal?AerospaceDefenseSegmentLeaderJoeVitaleGlobalAutomotiveSectorLeaderDuaneDicksonGlobalChemicalsSpecialtyMaterialsSectorLeaderJohnDixonGlobalForest,PaperPackagingSegmentLeaderNickSowarGlobalMetalsSegmentLeaderTimHanleyGlobalIndustrialProductsServicesSectorLeaderJackRingquistGlobalConsumerProductsSectorLeaderVickyEngGlobalRetailSectorLeaderAmericasSeemaPajulaUnitedStatesJoseOthonTavaresdeAlmeidaBrazilStephenBrownCanadaPatriciaZuanicChileClaudioGiaimoLATCOregionManuelNieblasMexicoAsiaPacificKojiMiwaAsiaPacificRegionalCIPLeaderJapanDavidBoydAustraliaJohnHungChinaKumarKandaswamiIndiaDeanEllwoodNewZealandEugeneHoSoutheastAsiaJunCheolKimSouthKoreaJunKungTaiwanEurope,MiddleEast,andAfricaEricDesomerBelgiumAaronMartinCentralEasternEuropeEgorMetelkinCommonwealthofIndependentStates(CIS)JesperSvendPovlsenDenmarkMarkkuAroFinlandJeanMarcLiduenaFranceThomasDoeblerGermanyStylianosKyriakidesGreeceDavidHearnIrelandEliTidharIsraelDarioRighettiItalyHerveBallantyneMiddleEastSandraHeutsNetherlandsKjetilNevstadNorwayLuísMiguelBeloPortugalKarthiPillaySouthAfricaRalfSchlaepferSwitzerlandOzgurYaltaTurkeyNigelWixceyUnitedKingdomRichPenkoskiConsumerandIndustrialProductsIndustryConsultingLeaderDanHaynesManufacturingKimberlyPorterConsumerProductsRodSidesRetailDistributionKarenBowmanTravel,HospitalityLeisureGlobalConsumerIndustrialProductsIndustrySectorLeadersUnitedStatesConsumerIndustrialProductsIndustryConsultingLeadersGlobalManufacturingCountryLeadersGlobalManufacturingCompetitivenessIndexTostartanewsection,holddowntheappleshiftkeysandclicktoreleasethisobjectandtypethesectiontitleintheboxbelowTheDeloitteCenterforIndustryInsightsTheDeloitteCenterforIndustryInsightsintheUnitedStatesleadsDeloitte’sextensiveindustryresearchthatinformsstakeholdersacrossthemanufacturingecosystemofcriticalbusinessissuesincludingemergingtrends,challenges,andopportunitiesUsingprimaryresearchandrigorousanalysis,theCenterprovidesuniqueperspectivesandseekstobeatrustedsourceforrelevant,timely,andreliableinsightsTolearnmore,visitwwwdeloittecomusmanufacturingAbouttheCouncilonCompetitivenessFoundedin,theCouncilonCompetitivenessisanonpartisanleadershiporganizationofcorporateCEOs,universitypresidents,laborleadersandnationallaboratorydirectorscommittedtoadvancingUScompetitivenessintheglobaleconomyandarisingstandardoflivingforallAmericansDedicatedtobuildingUSprosperity,theCouncilplaysapowerfulroleinshapingAmerica’sfuturebysettinganactionagendatoassessUScompetitiveness,identifyemergingforcestransformingtheeconomy,catalyzethoughtleaderswhodrivechangeandgalvanizestakeholderstoactAboutDeloitteDeloittereferstooneormoreofDeloitteToucheTohmatsuLimited,aUKprivatecompanylimitedbyguarantee(“DTTL”),itsnetworkofmemberfirms,andtheirrelatedentitiesDTTLandeachofitsmemberfirmsarelegallyseparateandindependententitiesDTTL(alsoreferredtoas“DeloitteGlobal”)doesnotprovideservicestoclientsPleaseseewwwdeloittecomaboutforamoredetaileddescriptionofDTTLanditsmemberfirmsDeloitteprovidesaudit,consulting,financialadvisory,riskmanagement,taxandrelatedservicestopublicandprivateclientsspanningmultipleindustriesWithagloballyconnectednetworkofmemberfirmsinmorethancountries,Deloittebringsworldclasscapabilitiesandhighqualityservicetoclients,deliveringtheinsightstheyneedtoaddresstheirmostcomplexbusinesschallengesDeloitte’smorethan,professionalsarecommittedtomakinganimpactthatmattersDeloitteservesoutofFortuneGlobal?companiesAboutthispublicationThiscommunicationcontainsgeneralinformationonly,andnoneofDeloitteToucheTohmatsuLimited,itsmemberfirms,ortheirrelatedentities(collectively,the“DeloitteNetwork”)is,bymeansofthiscommunication,renderingprofessionaladviceorservicesBeforemakinganydecisionortakinganyactionthatmayaffectyourfinancesoryourbusiness,youshouldconsultaqualifiedprofessionaladviserNoentityintheDeloitteNetworkshallberesponsibleforanylosswhatsoeversustainedbyanypersonwhoreliesonthiscommunication?Forinformation,contactDeloitteToucheTohmatsuLimitedDesignedandproducedbyTheCreativeStudioatDeloitte,LondonJCenterforIndustryInsightsConsumerBusiness|Manufacturin

您觉得这篇文章: 不错0 一般0

hg3088皇冠版权及免责声明:

  • ①凡本网注明来源:“hg3088皇冠”或“hg3088”的所有作品,版权均属于hg3088皇冠或hg3088,未经hg3088皇冠或hg3088协议授权不得转载、链接、转帖或以其他方式发表,已经hg3088皇冠或hg3088授权的媒体、网站,在使用时必须注明来源“hg3088皇冠”或“hg3088”。
  • ②如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者在来电或来函与hg3088皇冠联系,我们将及时处理解决。联系方式:365jilin@365jilin.com